Declaring the death of FinTech… As a niche
In February this year, Matt Carey, Co-Founder of Abaris, the first direct-to-consumer online marketplace for retirement products, declared the death of FinTech as a niche, saying, “Financial technology (FinTech) as a niche is dead. No, it’s not going away. Rather, financial technology is on the cusp of becoming so entrenched in every aspect of global finance that we’ll stop thinking of it as a niche and start thinking of it as the core of how financial services are delivered to consumers, corporations and institutional investors.”
Catalysts of FinTech establishment as an industry
There are plenty of reasons why FinTech was able to go from being a niche in the financial services industry to a massive industry with highly disruptive potential – customer-centricity, simplicity and scalability, freedom from legacy systems and more. Explaining the FinTech revolution, the Economist has also emphasized such factors as cost efficiency, the absence of the need to protect existing business and lack of regulatory burden along with above-mentioned legacy IT systems/branch networks.
The scalability advantage was possible to gain due to a clever approach to risk assessment and use of smart data to profile potential clients. Smart data represents a more sophisticated approach to data collection and analysis, focusing on meaningful pieces of information for more accurate decisions. Coupled with advanced capabilities of AI and machine learning solutions, smart data opened an opportunity for startups to efficiently derive deeper insights from limited, but relevant data points. As a result, FinTech startups were able to build better solutions based on a better understanding of consumer behavior and needs.
The interest in FinTech from major financial institutions and collaborative efforts also shaped the ground for FinTech to gain attention, traction and growth opportunities. Bank of England, Scotiabank, JPMorgan, Axis Bank, RBC, Barclays, Capital One and a range of other financial institutions have been actively working with FinTech startups to harvest the potential of disruptive technologies that invaded their market.
FinTech is no longer a niche in the financial services industry also because it is no longer necessarily dependent on a core banking service – an account. Challenger banks that have obtained their banking licenses have ended the monopoly on bank accounts. Bank account was one ‘thing’ that made FinTech dependent on the banking system, but no longer – we now can say that there is a FinTech startup for any bank service.
It’s not FinTech that moves into banking business, it’s the other way around
In 2016, it’s not FinTech that moves to ‘copy’ and make banking services better, its banks that are trying to move into FinTech space. Financial institutions have been developing proprietary digital currency, creating alliances to work with the technology brought into the scene by FinTech.
Financial institutions even launch dedicated innovation labs/joint projects/trials/VC funds that allow corporations to source ideas, the latest technological advancements, international talent and provide a chance to improve banking infrastructure by implementing solutions developed by legacy-free startups.
Moreover, a few governments are also taking steps to acknowledge and smoothen up the integration of FinTech into national ecosystems.
The financial scale of the industry
In 2015, global FinTech investments grew 75% (from $9.6 billion in 2014 to $22.3 billion in 2015) and are expected to maintain the trend in 2016. So far, the global investments in financial technology ventures in Q1 2016 were reported to reach $5.3 billion, representing a 67% increase over the same period last year. The percentage of investments that went to FinTech companies in Europe and Asia-Pacific nearly doubled to 62%.
Within FinTech, as the Citi data suggests, 73% of the investments in 2015 were dedicated to personal and small business banking, including 23% into payments and 3% into money transfer.